The U.S. Army's Signal Intelligence Service, the precursor to the National Security Agency, began a secret program in February 1943 later codenamed VENONA

The mission of this small program was to examine and exploit Soviet diplomatic communications but after the program began, the message traffic included espionage efforts as well.

Although it took almost two years before American cryptologists were able to break the KGB encryption, the information gained through these transactions provided U.S. leadership insight into Soviet intentions and treasonous activities of government employees until the program was canceled in 1980.

The VENONA files are most famous for exposing Julius (code named LIBERAL) and Ethel Rosenberg and help give indisputable evidence of their involvement with the Soviet spy ring.

The first of six public releases of translated VENONA messages was made in July 1995 and included 49 messages about the Soviets' efforts to gain information on the U.S. atomic bomb research and the Manhattan Project. Over the course of five more releases, all of the approximately 3,000 VENONA translations were made public.

 15NOV_MEETING_DEMANDED_BARNES.PDFMeeting with KIMON GEORGIEV and PETKO STAJNOV demanded by BARNES; "OTETs" 16 November (Release 5)
 21JUN_KVANT.PDFMeeting with KVANT in Washington 21 June 1943 (Release 1)
 18SEP_MTG_STENLI.PDFMeeting with Stenli 18 September (Release 5)
 20SEP_JACK_ROSA.PDFMeetings with "JACK" and "ROSA" 20 September (Release 5)
 26MAY_ROOSEVELT_CHURCHILL.PDFMeetings with underground groups. Roosevelt/Churchill conference 26 May 1943 (Release 2)
 2JUN_MELNIKOV.PDFMEL'NIKOV writes telegrams 2 June 1943 (Release 5)
 13OCT_MENTION_DON.PDFMention of "DON" and some Bulgarian personalities 13 October (Release 5)
 17JUN_TREASURY_DEPT_UNIT.PDFMention of a Treasury Department Unit 27 June (Release 3)
 12MAY_VANCOUVER.PDFMention of activities in Vancouver 12 May (Release 3)
 28SEP_MONROE.PDFMention of Admiral Monroe 28 September 1943 (Release 4)
 18SEP_ALLIED_OPS.PDFMention of Allied military operations 18 September 1943 (Release 4)
 25SEP_YORK.PDFMention of Commander York 25 September 1943 (Release 4)
 16SEP_COVERNAME_LORD.PDFMention of covername "LORD" 16 September (Release 5)
 13APR_NESTOR.PDFMention of covername "NESTOR" 13 April (Release 5)
 20APR_NESTOR.PDFMention of covername "NESTOR" 20 April (Release 5)
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