National Security Agency
ATTN: Technology Transfer Program
Federal Legislation Enabling the NSA Office of Research and Technology Applications, Technology Transfer Program
Federal Legislation Applicable to TTP
The following federal legislation enables the NSA Office of Research and Technology Applications, Technology Transfer Program:
Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (PL 96-480)
This Act defines technology transfer and encourages federal laboratories to engage in cooperative research with state and local governments, academia, nonprofit organizations, or private industry. Its provisions also establish and define the basic activities of an Office of Research and Technology Applications (ORTA) at each federal laboratory and set aside a small percentage of each laboratory's budget to fund technology transfer activities.
Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 (PL 96-517)
This Act permits universities, small businesses, and nonprofit organizations to obtain title to inventions developed with federal funds. It also allows the federal agency to retain an irrevocable license to use the invention and permits federal laboratories to grant exclusive patent licenses to industry.
Title 15 United States Code, Section 3710a
This establishes that business units located in the U.S. which agree to substantially manufacture products in the U.S. be given preference when entering into a CRADA agreement.
Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986 (PL 99-502)
This Act requires scientists and engineers to consider technology transfer an individual responsibility. It also enables federal labs to negotiate licensing arrangements for patented inventions and requires that federal inventors share in royalties from patent licenses. It establishes a charter and funding mechanism for the Federal Laboratory Consortium (FLC). FLC is responsible for a variety of activities, including training courses and assistance for technology transfer programs.
Executive Order 12591 of 1987
This Executive Order ensures that federal labs assist universities and the private sector by transferring technical knowledge. It also promotes commercialization of federally funded inventions by requiring that laboratories grant contractors the title to patents developed with federal funds, as long as the government is given a royalty-free license for use.